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  Annotation States/Entities Rights Affected persons
A/HRC/18/16 (UPR, 2011)
related documents: A/HRC/18/16/Add.1
Recommendations

83.84. further pursue efforts aimed at strengthening the protection of the rights of women and children through further development of legislation and mechanisms in this field ( syria );

  • Sudan
  • Constitutional and legislative framework
  • Children: definition; general principles; protection
  • Discrimination against women
  • children
  • women
CCPR/CO/84/SYR (HRC, 2005)
Observations

w) information provided by delegation on agreement of 5 may 2005 between prime minister of lebanon and president of syria to establish committee that would meet periodically to further investigate facts concerning disappearances of syrian and lebanese nationals in both countries
c) sufficient information was not provided about concrete steps taken to establish such committee, as well as about its envisaged composition and measures to ensure independence (arts. 2, 6, 7, 9)

  • Lebanon
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Arbitrary arrest and detention
  • Prohibition of Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • Right to life
  • persons deprived of their liberty
CRC/C/JOR/CO/4-5 (CRC, 2014)
Recommendations

the committee urges the state party to take all appropriate measures and implement specific program me s to improve the living conditions of syrian refugee children, ensuring , inter alia , their access to education, to health care and to good nutrition and protecting them from various forms of labour exploitation, violence and, with regard to young girls, forced or early marriage practices. the committee also urges the state party to ensure that no palestinian refugee children fleeing the syria n arab republic are prevented from entering jordan or deported back to the syria n arab republic and that they receive the same treatment as syrian children in the state party. the committee also recommends that the state party ratify the 1951 convention relating to the status of refugee s and its protocol of 1967.

  • Jordan
  • Gender-based violence
  • Acceptance of international norms
  • Children: protection against exploitation
  • Right to freedom of movement
  • Prohibition of Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • Refugees & internally displaced persons (IDPs)
  • Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • Right to education
  • Right to adequate food
  • Right to health
  • Rights related to marriage and family
  • children
  • girls
  • minorities/ racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious or descent-based groups
  • refugees and asylum-seekers
A/HRC/17/25/Add.3 (SR Health, 2011)
Recommendations

> (b) change requirements to allow iraqis to work, at least temporarily in syria, to reduce the burden on the state and international organizations

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Right to health
  • Right to work
  • non-citizens
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Observations

n) those iraqi nationals who have sought refuge in the syrian arab republic since 2003 are neither to be considered refugees nor migrant workers falling within the ambit of cmw
n) information that only some 500 of those iraqi nationals have received a work permit in syria

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Migrants
  • migrants
CAT/C/SYR/CO/1/Add.2 (CAT, 2012)
Observations

19.the committee takes into account the finding of the international commission of inquiry on the syrian arab republic that “a reliable body of evidence exists that … provides reasonable grounds to believe that particular individuals, including commanding officers and officials at the highest levels of government, bear responsibility for crimes against humanity and other gross human rights violations” (a/hrc/19/69, para. 87). it also takes note of the statement of the united nations high commissioner for human rights of 27 may 2012, according to which, “indiscriminate and possibly deliberate killing of villagers in the el houleh area of homs in syria may amount to crimes against humanity or other forms of international crime”.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Prohibition of Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • general
  • persons affected by armed conflict
A/HRC/19/69 (Commission of Inquiry, 2012)
Observations

122. the response of the security apparatus to what started as peaceful dissent soon led to armed clashes. one year later, the syria n arab republic is on the brink of an internal armed conflict. diverging agendas within a deeply divided international community complicate the prospects for ending the violenc e.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • . Political framework & good governance
  • general
  • persons affected by armed conflict
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

101.2. ensure that the new legislation regulating freedom of assembly is brought in line with international human rights law, particularly the international covenant on civil and political rights, to which syria has been a party since 1969 (sweden);

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Constitutional and legislative framework
  • Right to peaceful assembly
  • general
A/HRC/11/16 (UPR, 2009)
Recommendations

recommendation no. 19, para. 67:

19. continue consolidating its efforts to extend basic education to all children (venezuela); to further improve access to education for children by increasing the number of primary and secondary schools and by strengthening its higher education system (malaysia); continue to pay attention to the question of access to education at all levels and enhance its quality. (belarus); continue efforts to increase the number of neighbourhood primary and secondary schools, and to strengthen higher education (syria) continue its efforts, already very significant, to provide free schooling for all school-aged children, which will mean that there would be a gradual reduction of illiteracy (burundi)

  • Djibouti
  • Right to education
  • children
  • general
A/HRC/21/4 (UPR, 2012)
Recommendations

135.8. continue its plan for social and economic development further to protect the rights of women and children so as to achieve comprehensive social and economic development (china); continue the full implementation of the national plan for good living 2009-2013 (indonesia); continue its economic and social policies , and to pay more attention and efforts on improving the quality of life of people living in rural areas and suffering from social exclusion (iran); continue efforts to guarantee a life with dignity for its citizens (lebanon); continue implementing national policies to ensure socio-political and economic transformation with a human rights perspective (syria);

  • Ecuador
  • Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • children
  • persons living in poverty
  • persons living in rural areas
  • women
A/HRC/19/69 (Commission of Inquiry, 2012)
Observations

121. the grave and ongoing human rights crisis in the syria n arab republic is the consequence of a combination of factors, including a state that has failed to respond t o the legitimate political, economic and social demands of its people and its position in the highly complex geopolitics of the region.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Civil & political rights - General measures of implementation
  • Economic, social & cultural rights - general implementation issues
  • . Political framework & good governance
  • general
  • persons affected by armed conflict
CRC/C/15/ADD.212 (CRC, 2003)
Observations

w) the taking into account of crc in national legislation, i.e. the civil and criminal procedure codes expressly state that provisions contrary to international treaties to which syria is party are inapplicable

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Constitutional and legislative framework
  • children
A/HRC/11/16 (UPR, 2009)
Recommendations

recommendation no. 21, para. 67:

21. persist in its efforts to improve the system of medical care and health care coverage in the country (cuba) and continue its efforts to upgrade and develop human resources in the health sector and improve health coverage in the country (syria)

  • Djibouti
  • Right to health
  • general
A/HRC/19/12 (UPR, 2011)
related documents: A/HRC/19/12/Add.1
Recommendations

94.49. continue enhancing and expanding health services, in order to prevent and combat diseases which were put in place to serve the people through primary healthcare ( syria );

  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Right to health
  • general
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

103.17. extend cooperation to the office of the high commissioner for human rights so that the office can visit syria as soon as possible, and facilitate the investigation requested by the human rights council ( chile );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • general
CRC/C/OPAC/SYR/CO/1 (CRC, 2007)
Recommendations

in order to specifically assist those children who may have been involved in armed conflict
r) identify at the earliest possible stage refugee, asylum-seeking and migrant children entering syria who may have been recruited or used in hostilities contrary to the protocol
r) carefully assess the situation of these children and provide them with immediate, culturally sensitive and multidisciplinary assistance for their physical and psychological recovery and their social reintegration, in accordance with article 6 , paragraph 3 of the protocol
r) in the context of the above, consider ways to improve the legal protection of children concerned, including through refugee status determination where such status is being sought
r) undertake periodic evaluations of existing physical and psychological recovery and reintegration programmes and services
r) take all necessary measures to ensure that the return of a child to a country of origin shall only be arranged when it is in the best interests of the child
r) include information on measures adopted in this respect in its next report

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Children in armed conflicts
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • children
  • migrants
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • refugees and asylum-seekers
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

100.34. submit overdue periodic reports, as required by treaties and conventions to which syria is a party ( iran );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Cooperation with treaty bodies
  • general
A/HRC/18/53 (Fact-Finding Mission, 2011)
Recommendations

93. in particular , the high commissioner recommends that the government of the syrian arab republic :

(a) put an immediate end to gross human rights violations, including the excessive use of force against demonstrators and the killing of protestors, torture and ill-treatment of detainees and enforced disappearances, and halt all violations of economic, social and cultural rights;

(b) take immediate steps to end impunity, including by abolishing legislation that grants security and intelligence personnel virtual immunity from prosecution ;

(c) ensure the immediate and unconditional release of detainees held on the basis of their participation in peaceful demonstrations , and other political prisoners ;

(d) ensure the safe and voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their areas of origin in the syria n arab republic ;

(e) allow safe and unrestricted access to international and national journalists to investigate and report on the situation i n the syrian arab republic , without hindrance ;

(f) take immediate measures to ensure full and unhindered access for humanitarian workers to provide aid and assistance to those in need ;

(g) allow ohchr immediate access to the syrian arab republic to conduct investigations into all human rights abuses, irrespective of alleged perpetrator, in the context of protests since mid-march 2011 ;

(h) invite the special procedures of the human rights council, in particular the special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions , the special rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and the working group on arbitrary detention, to visit the syrian arab republic to monitor and report on the human rights situation.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Arbitrary arrest and detention
  • Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • Cooperation with special procedures
  • Economic, social & cultural rights - general implementation issues
  • Enforced disappearances
  • Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions
  • Right to freedom of opinion and expression
  • Liberty & security of person
  • Prohibition of Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • Refugees & internally displaced persons (IDPs)
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • Right to life
  • Right to peaceful assembly
  • general
  • internally displaced persons
  • media
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • persons deprived of their liberty
  • refugees and asylum-seekers
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Recommendations

r)in the light of article 47 of cmw, reconsider its current policy of limiting the amount of remittances allowed to be made by migrant workers in syria

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Migrants
  • migrant workers
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

100.21. end conflict and violence and reach a political solution through dialogue and national reconciliation in order to bring syria back to a normal situation ( vietnam );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Right to participation in public affairs and right to vote
  • general
A/67/931 (HRC, 2013)
Recommendations

78.to the international community, humanitarian actors in the syrian arab republic, and donors:

(a) redouble efforts to support the peace process on the basis of the final communiqué issued by the action group for syria, the work of the united nations and the arab league joint special representative for the syrian arab republic, and international diplomatic efforts with and between neighbouring states and other states with influence on the parties to the conflict, with the aim of arriving at an inclusive syrian-led national dialogue and political solution that can provide human rights guarantees for all. include considerations relating to internally displaced persons, in consultation with them;

(b) take measures to counter further militarization of the conflict and resulting displacement by restricting arms transfers, the deployment of foreign fighters and the influence of extremist factions;

(c) sustain and increase support for humanitarian agencies and operations in the syrian arab republic, including financially, by securing the $1.5 billion of aid pledged at the donor conference held in kuwait on 30 january 2013. such support is essential to ensure timely and effective humanitarian assistance;

(d) together with relevant national and international actors, including internally displaced persons and affected communities, develop a protection strategy for internally displaced persons and returnees based on a human rights-based approach and in line with international law and the guiding principles, which is relevant to protection from forced displacement, protection during displacement and in the context of durable solutions;

(e) enhance humanitarian assistance efforts, in particular as follows:

(i) by increasing the quantity and quality of material assistance to internally displaced persons and affected communities, including through expansion of field presences and partnerships with local non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations and other grass-roots organizations;

(ii) by supporting efforts with regard to the collection of data on displacement and returnee figures and patterns and the profiling of needs and intentions, including of vulnerable groups, to enhance responses;

(f) promote the participation of internally displaced persons, and the integration of considerations relating to internally displaced persons and durable solutions, in early recovery, national development and other national strategies, reforms or programmes;

(g) strengthen the presence of united nations agencies and international organizations with diverse mandates in the country, including human rights organizations such as ohchr (including the special procedures), to more effectively address the variety of assistance, human rights, protection, durable solutions and recovery needs in the syrian arab republic. together with this increased presence, develop distinct, but complementary, implementation strategies towards the various elements of the response to the syrian crisis and internally displaced persons, including protection in the context of humanitarian assistance; protection more broadly of rights under international human rights and humanitarian law; and an early recovery and development programme inclusive of displacement-affected communities (including women) and based on a partnership between humanitarian and development actors. articulate and preserve the distinction between the humanitarian, political and human rights entities of the united nations and other organizations to ensure effectiveness and prevent key processes from being traded off or otherwise diluted in return for space to undertake humanitarian activities;

(h) concerned governments should consider undertaking more research and a review of the sanctions regime in order to identify ways to avoid or mitigate the negative effects of sanctions and other measures on the syrian population.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Context, statistics, budget, dissemination, civil society
  • Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • Cooperation with special procedures
  • Institutions & policies
  • Human rights & International humanitarian law
  • Inter-State cooperation & development assistance
  • Refugees & internally displaced persons (IDPs)
  • internally displaced persons
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • women
CCPR/CO/71/SYR (HRC, 2001)
related documents: CCPR/CO/71/SYR/ADD.1
Recommendations

i) indicate within one year, in accordance with rule 70, para 5, of hrc's rules of procedure, measures taken to lift state of emergency (para. 6)
i) submit information requested on cases in which iccpr actually been invoked before courts (para. 5)
i) number of death sentences passed since 1990; number and identity of persons executed during that period, dates of execution and grounds for sentence (para. 8)
i) submit information on disappeared persons as well as on extra-judicial executions (para. 10)
i) provide additional information on composition, jurisdiction and procedures of military courts (para. 17)
i) provide information on measures taken to remedy situation of statelessness of numerous kurds in syria
r) information relating to other recommendations and to iccpr be included in third report, to be submitted by 1 april 2003

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Cooperation with treaty bodies
  • general
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Observations

n) syrian arab republic is mainly, but not exclusively, a country of origin for migrant workers and their familieswith regard to the large influx of iraqi nationals into syria since 2003
w) with regard to the large influx of iraqi nationals into syria since 2003, the committee, while expressing its appreciation for syria’s efforts to provide necessary facilities and services, notes the state party’s position that they do not fall within the scope of cmw

 

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Migrants
  • migrant workers
  • non-citizens
CCPR/CO/71/SYR (HRC, 2001)
related documents: CCPR/CO/71/SYR/ADD.1
Recommendations

r) take urgent steps to find find solution to statelessness of numerous kurds in syria and allow kurdish children born in syria to acquire syrian nationality

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Children: definition; general principles; protection
  • Non-discrimination
  • Members of minorities
  • children
  • minorities/ racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious or descent-based groups
  • non-citizens
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

103.11. allow the human rights council mandated commission of inquiry immediate and unhindered access to syria (united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland);

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • general
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Observations

r) disseminate these concluding observations widely, including to public agencies and the judiciary, non-governmental organizations and other members of civil society, and to inform syrian migrants abroad and foreign migrant workers in transit or residing in syria of the rights they and members of their families enjoy under cmw

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Context, statistics, budget, dissemination, civil society
  • Cooperation with treaty bodies
  • Migrants
  • migrant workers
CCPR/CO/84/SYR (HRC, 2005)
Recommendations

r) give particularized account of lebanese nationals and syrian nationals, as well as other persons, taken into custody or transferred into custody in syria and who have not been accounted for
r) take immediate steps to establish independent and credible commission of inquiry into all disappearances, in line with recommendations made by hrc in 2001

  • Lebanon
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Arbitrary arrest and detention
  • Prohibition of Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • Right to life
  • persons deprived of their liberty
CCPR/CO/71/SYR (HRC, 2001)
related documents: CCPR/CO/71/SYR/ADD.1
Observations

c) situation of large number of persons of kurdish origin who have entered syria from neighbouring countries
c) fate of kurds born in syria whom authorities treat either as aliens or unregistered persons and who encounter administrative and practical difficulties in acquiring syrian nationality
hrc considers this discriminatory situation to be incompatible with arts 24, 26 and 27 iccpr

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Children: definition; general principles; protection
  • Non-discrimination
  • Members of minorities
  • children
  • minorities/ racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious or descent-based groups
  • non-citizens
A/HRC/11/16 (UPR, 2009)
Recommendations

recommendation no. 14, para. 67:

14. continue its efforts in order to counter illiteracy (turkey) amongst girls (yemen) and women (egypt, kuwait, syria)

  • Djibouti
  • Right to education
  • general
  • girls
  • women
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

100.23. expedite its reforms such as measures to raise citizens’ living standards and duly take into account the aspirations of the people of syria in the reform process ( thailand );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • Right to participation in public affairs and right to vote
  • general
CCPR/CO/71/SYR (HRC, 2001)
related documents: CCPR/CO/71/SYR/ADD.1
Observations

n) delegation's explanation that freedom of assembly fully respected in syria
c) restrictions on holding of public meetings and demonstrations exceed those authorized by article 21 iccpr

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Right to peaceful assembly
  • general
A/HRC/18/16 (UPR, 2011)
related documents: A/HRC/18/16/Add.1
Recommendations

84.3. remain committed to negotiations to resolve pending areas of disagreement ( syria );

  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Inter-State cooperation & development assistance
  • general
Recommendations

83.118. continue to take measures to support the rule of law and ensure that justice is brought to darfur ( syria );

  • Sudan
  • . Political framework & good governance
  • general
CRC/C/OPAC/ARM/CO/1 (CRC, 2013)
Observations

vi.protection, recovery and reintegration

measures adopted to protect the rights of child victims

16. the committee regrets the lack of mechanisms in place to identify at an early stage children among refugees and asylum seekers in particular from syria and iraq, who may have been involved in armed conflicts in other countries. it also regrets the lack of procedures for their protection, recovery and reintegration.

  • Armenia
  • Children in armed conflicts
  • Human Rights Education and Training
  • children
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • refugees and asylum-seekers
A/HRC/17/25/Add.3 (SR Health, 2011)
Recommendations

> the special rapporteur urges the syrian arabic republic to consider the following recommendations in respect of incarcerated persons and prison health:

> (a)to urgently ratify the convention against torture and its optional protocol
> (b) to collect and publicly release comprehensive data relating to prisoners’ health, and the health-care services with which they are provided
> (c) to allow a more thorough assessment of the situation in prisons and other detention centres in syria by inviting relevant special procedures mandate holders

                                     

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Acceptance of international norms
  • Conditions of detention
  • Prohibition of Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • Right to health
  • persons deprived of their liberty
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

104.27. expeditiously permit international humanitarian missions, human rights observers and media unrestricted access within syria, including the hrc commission of inquiry ( united states );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • Right to freedom of opinion and expression
  • Right to an effective remedy, impunity
  • general
  • human rights defenders
  • media
CCPR/CO/84/SYR (HRC, 2005)
Recommendations

hrc reminds state that iccpr is applicable to all individuals subject to jurisdiction (arts. 2 (1), 24, 26 and 27)
r) take urgent steps to remedy situation of statelessness of kurds in syria and protect and promote rights of non-citizen kurds
r) allow kurdish children born in syria to acquire syrian nationality

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Members of minorities
  • Racial discrimination
  • Rights related to name, identity, nationality
  • children
  • minorities/ racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious or descent-based groups
  • non-citizens
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

104.6. integrate into national legislation the principles and provisions of international human rights instruments ratified by syria , and abolish laws that contradict them ( canada );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Constitutional and legislative framework
  • general
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