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  Annotation States/Entities Rights Affected persons
A/HRC/25/15 (UPR, 2013)
related documents: A/HRC/25/15/Add.1
Recommendations

136.175. end the illegal occupation of palestinian territory and of the golan syria (venezuela (bolivarianrepublic of));

  • Israel
  • B11 International humanitarian law
  • persons affected by armed conflict
A/HRC/18/16 (UPR, 2011)
related documents: A/HRC/18/16/Add.1
Recommendations

83.84. further pursue efforts aimed at strengthening the protection of the rights of women and children through further development of legislation and mechanisms in this field ( syria );

  • Sudan
  • A41 Constitutional and legislative framework
  • F12 Discrimination against women
  • F31 Children: definition; general principles; protection
  • children
  • women
CRC/C/JOR/CO/4-5 (CRC, 2014)
Recommendations

the committee urges the state party to take all appropriate measures and implement specific program me s to improve the living conditions of syrian refugee children, ensuring , inter alia , their access to education, to health care and to good nutrition and protecting them from various forms of labour exploitation, violence and, with regard to young girls, forced or early marriage practices. the committee also urges the state party to ensure that no palestinian refugee children fleeing the syria n arab republic are prevented from entering jordan or deported back to the syria n arab republic and that they receive the same treatment as syrian children in the state party. the committee also recommends that the state party ratify the 1951 convention relating to the status of refugee s and its protocol of 1967.

  • Jordan
  • A12 Acceptance of international norms
  • D25 Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • D41 Freedom of movement
  • D8 Rights related to marriage & family
  • E21 Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • E22 Right to food
  • E41 Right to health - General
  • E51 Right to education - General
  • F13 Violence against women
  • F33 Children: protection against exploitation
  • G5 Refugees & asylum seekers
  • children
  • girls
  • minorities/ racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious or descent-based groups
  • refugees & asylum seekers
A/HRC/17/25/Add.3 (SR Health, 2011)
Recommendations

> (b) change requirements to allow iraqis to work, at least temporarily in syria, to reduce the burden on the state and international organizations

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • E31 Right to work
  • E41 Right to health - General
  • non-citizens
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Observations

n) those iraqi nationals who have sought refuge in the syrian arab republic since 2003 are neither to be considered refugees nor migrant workers falling within the ambit of cmw
n) information that only some 500 of those iraqi nationals have received a work permit in syria

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • G4 Migrants
  • migrants
CAT/C/SYR/CO/1/Add.2 (CAT, 2012)
Observations

19.the committee takes into account the finding of the international commission of inquiry on the syrian arab republic that “a reliable body of evidence exists that … provides reasonable grounds to believe that particular individuals, including commanding officers and officials at the highest levels of government, bear responsibility for crimes against humanity and other gross human rights violations” (a/hrc/19/69, para. 87). it also takes note of the statement of the united nations high commissioner for human rights of 27 may 2012, according to which, “indiscriminate and possibly deliberate killing of villagers in the el houleh area of homs in syria may amount to crimes against humanity or other forms of international crime”.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • D25 Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • general
  • persons affected by armed conflict
A/HRC/19/69 (Commission of Inquiry, 2012)
Observations

122. the response of the security apparatus to what started as peaceful dissent soon led to armed clashes. one year later, the syria n arab republic is on the brink of an internal armed conflict. diverging agendas within a deeply divided international community complicate the prospects for ending the violenc e.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A47 Good governance
  • general
  • persons affected by armed conflict
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

101.2. ensure that the new legislation regulating freedom of assembly is brought in line with international human rights law, particularly the international covenant on civil and political rights, to which syria has been a party since 1969 (sweden);

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A41 Constitutional and legislative framework
  • D44 Right to peaceful assembly
  • general
A/HRC/11/16 (UPR, 2009)
Recommendations

recommendation no. 19, para. 67:

19. continue consolidating its efforts to extend basic education to all children (venezuela); to further improve access to education for children by increasing the number of primary and secondary schools and by strengthening its higher education system (malaysia); continue to pay attention to the question of access to education at all levels and enhance its quality. (belarus); continue efforts to increase the number of neighbourhood primary and secondary schools, and to strengthen higher education (syria) continue its efforts, already very significant, to provide free schooling for all school-aged children, which will mean that there would be a gradual reduction of illiteracy (burundi)

  • Djibouti
  • E51 Right to education - General
  • children
  • general
A/HRC/21/4 (UPR, 2012)
Recommendations

135.8. continue its plan for social and economic development further to protect the rights of women and children so as to achieve comprehensive social and economic development (china); continue the full implementation of the national plan for good living 2009-2013 (indonesia); continue its economic and social policies , and to pay more attention and efforts on improving the quality of life of people living in rural areas and suffering from social exclusion (iran); continue efforts to guarantee a life with dignity for its citizens (lebanon); continue implementing national policies to ensure socio-political and economic transformation with a human rights perspective (syria);

  • Ecuador
  • E21 Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • E25 Human rights & poverty
  • children
  • persons living in poverty
  • persons living in rural areas
  • women
A/HRC/19/69 (Commission of Inquiry, 2012)
Observations

121. the grave and ongoing human rights crisis in the syria n arab republic is the consequence of a combination of factors, including a state that has failed to respond t o the legitimate political, economic and social demands of its people and its position in the highly complex geopolitics of the region.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A47 Good governance
  • D1 Civil & political rights - general measures of implementation
  • E1 Economic, social & cultural rights - general measures of implementation
  • general
  • persons affected by armed conflict
A/HRC/11/16 (UPR, 2009)
Recommendations

recommendation no. 21, para. 67:

21. persist in its efforts to improve the system of medical care and health care coverage in the country (cuba) and continue its efforts to upgrade and develop human resources in the health sector and improve health coverage in the country (syria)

  • Djibouti
  • E41 Right to health - General
  • general
A/HRC/19/12 (UPR, 2011)
related documents: A/HRC/19/12/Add.1
Recommendations

94.49. continue enhancing and expanding health services, in order to prevent and combat diseases which were put in place to serve the people through primary healthcare ( syria );

  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • E41 Right to health - General
  • general
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

103.17. extend cooperation to the office of the high commissioner for human rights so that the office can visit syria as soon as possible, and facilitate the investigation requested by the human rights council ( chile );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A28 Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • general
CRC/C/OPAC/SYR/CO/1 (CRC, 2007)
Recommendations

in order to specifically assist those children who may have been involved in armed conflict
r) identify at the earliest possible stage refugee, asylum-seeking and migrant children entering syria who may have been recruited or used in hostilities contrary to the protocol
r) carefully assess the situation of these children and provide them with immediate, culturally sensitive and multidisciplinary assistance for their physical and psychological recovery and their social reintegration, in accordance with article 6 , paragraph 3 of the protocol
r) in the context of the above, consider ways to improve the legal protection of children concerned, including through refugee status determination where such status is being sought
r) undertake periodic evaluations of existing physical and psychological recovery and reintegration programmes and services
r) take all necessary measures to ensure that the return of a child to a country of origin shall only be arranged when it is in the best interests of the child
r) include information on measures adopted in this respect in its next report

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • F35 Children in armed conflict
  • G4 Migrants
  • children
  • migrants
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • refugees & asylum seekers
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

100.34. submit overdue periodic reports, as required by treaties and conventions to which syria is a party ( iran );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A22 Cooperation with treaty bodies
  • general
A/HRC/18/53 (Fact-Finding Mission, 2011)
Recommendations

93. in particular , the high commissioner recommends that the government of the syrian arab republic :

(a) put an immediate end to gross human rights violations, including the excessive use of force against demonstrators and the killing of protestors, torture and ill-treatment of detainees and enforced disappearances, and halt all violations of economic, social and cultural rights;

(b) take immediate steps to end impunity, including by abolishing legislation that grants security and intelligence personnel virtual immunity from prosecution ;

(c) ensure the immediate and unconditional release of detainees held on the basis of their participation in peaceful demonstrations , and other political prisoners ;

(d) ensure the safe and voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their areas of origin in the syria n arab republic ;

(e) allow safe and unrestricted access to international and national journalists to investigate and report on the situation i n the syrian arab republic , without hindrance ;

(f) take immediate measures to ensure full and unhindered access for humanitarian workers to provide aid and assistance to those in need ;

(g) allow ohchr immediate access to the syrian arab republic to conduct investigations into all human rights abuses, irrespective of alleged perpetrator, in the context of protests since mid-march 2011 ;

(h) invite the special procedures of the human rights council, in particular the special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions , the special rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and the working group on arbitrary detention, to visit the syrian arab republic to monitor and report on the human rights situation.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A24 Cooperation with special procedures
  • A28 Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • D21 Right to life
  • D22 Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions
  • D25 Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • D31 Liberty and security - general
  • D32 Enforced disappearances
  • D33 Arbitrary arrest and detention
  • D43 Freedom of opinion and expression
  • D44 Right to peaceful assembly
  • E1 Economic, social & cultural rights - general measures of implementation
  • G5 Refugees & asylum seekers
  • disappeared persons
  • general
  • internally displaced persons
  • media
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • persons deprived of their liberty
  • refugees & asylum seekers
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Recommendations

r)in the light of article 47 of cmw, reconsider its current policy of limiting the amount of remittances allowed to be made by migrant workers in syria

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • G4 Migrants
  • migrants
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

100.21. end conflict and violence and reach a political solution through dialogue and national reconciliation in order to bring syria back to a normal situation ( vietnam );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • D7 Right to participation in public affairs and right to vote
  • general
CAT/C/JOR/CO/3 (CAT, 2016)
Recommendations

14. the state party should:

(a) take effective measures to enhance living conditions in refugee camps;

(b) strengthen its domestic legislative framework by adopting a comprehensive law on asylum that is consistent with international standards and in accordance with article 3 of the convention;

(c) abolish its policy not to admit palestinian refugees fleeing the conflict in syria and refrain from deporting them to syria, if they cross the borders;

(d) ensure procedural safeguards against refoulement and effective remedies with respect to refoulement claims in removal proceedings, including review of rejections by an independent judicial body;

(e) ensure that no one under its control at any time becomes the object of an “extraordinary rendition”; conduct effective, impartial investigations into any and all cases of “extraordinary rendition” in which the state party may have played a role; and bring to light the facts surrounding such cases. the state party should also prosecute and punish those responsible for such renditions and compensate the victims;

(f) consider ratifying the 1951 convention relating to the status of refugees, the 1967 protocol relating to the status of refugees, the 1954 convention relating to the status of stateless persons and the 1961 convention on the reduction of statelessness.

  • Jordan
  • A12 Acceptance of international norms
  • A41 Constitutional and legislative framework
  • A42 Institutions & policies - General
  • B11 International humanitarian law
  • B31 Equality & non-discrimination
  • B32 Racial discrimination
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • B8 Human rights & counter-terrorism
  • D25 Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • D51 Administration of justice & fair trial
  • D6 Rights related to name, identity, nationality
  • E21 Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • S10 SDG 10 - inequality
  • S16 SDG 16 - peace, justice and strong institutions
  • general
  • refugees & asylum seekers
A/67/931 (RSG IDPs, 2013)
Recommendations

78.to the international community, humanitarian actors in the syrian arab republic, and donors:

(a) redouble efforts to support the peace process on the basis of the final communiqué issued by the action group for syria, the work of the united nations and the arab league joint special representative for the syrian arab republic, and international diplomatic efforts with and between neighbouring states and other states with influence on the parties to the conflict, with the aim of arriving at an inclusive syrian-led national dialogue and political solution that can provide human rights guarantees for all. include considerations relating to internally displaced persons, in consultation with them;

(b) take measures to counter further militarization of the conflict and resulting displacement by restricting arms transfers, the deployment of foreign fighters and the influence of extremist factions;

(c) sustain and increase support for humanitarian agencies and operations in the syrian arab republic, including financially, by securing the $1.5 billion of aid pledged at the donor conference held in kuwait on 30 january 2013. such support is essential to ensure timely and effective humanitarian assistance;

(d) together with relevant national and international actors, including internally displaced persons and affected communities, develop a protection strategy for internally displaced persons and returnees based on a human rights-based approach and in line with international law and the guiding principles, which is relevant to protection from forced displacement, protection during displacement and in the context of durable solutions;

(e) enhance humanitarian assistance efforts, in particular as follows:

(i) by increasing the quantity and quality of material assistance to internally displaced persons and affected communities, including through expansion of field presences and partnerships with local non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations and other grass-roots organizations;

(ii) by supporting efforts with regard to the collection of data on displacement and returnee figures and patterns and the profiling of needs and intentions, including of vulnerable groups, to enhance responses;

(f) promote the participation of internally displaced persons, and the integration of considerations relating to internally displaced persons and durable solutions, in early recovery, national development and other national strategies, reforms or programmes;

(g) strengthen the presence of united nations agencies and international organizations with diverse mandates in the country, including human rights organizations such as ohchr (including the special procedures), to more effectively address the variety of assistance, human rights, protection, durable solutions and recovery needs in the syrian arab republic. together with this increased presence, develop distinct, but complementary, implementation strategies towards the various elements of the response to the syrian crisis and internally displaced persons, including protection in the context of humanitarian assistance; protection more broadly of rights under international human rights and humanitarian law; and an early recovery and development programme inclusive of displacement-affected communities (including women) and based on a partnership between humanitarian and development actors. articulate and preserve the distinction between the humanitarian, political and human rights entities of the united nations and other organizations to ensure effectiveness and prevent key processes from being traded off or otherwise diluted in return for space to undertake humanitarian activities;

(h) concerned governments should consider undertaking more research and a review of the sanctions regime in order to identify ways to avoid or mitigate the negative effects of sanctions and other measures on the syrian population.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A24 Cooperation with special procedures
  • A28 Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • A3 Inter-State cooperation & development assistance
  • A42 Institutions & policies - General
  • A6 Context, statistics, budget, civil society
  • B11 International humanitarian law
  • G5 Refugees & asylum seekers
  • internally displaced persons
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • women
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Observations

n) syrian arab republic is mainly, but not exclusively, a country of origin for migrant workers and their familieswith regard to the large influx of iraqi nationals into syria since 2003
w) with regard to the large influx of iraqi nationals into syria since 2003, the committee, while expressing its appreciation for syria’s efforts to provide necessary facilities and services, notes the state party’s position that they do not fall within the scope of cmw

 

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • G4 Migrants
  • migrants
  • non-citizens
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

103.11. allow the human rights council mandated commission of inquiry immediate and unhindered access to syria (united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland);

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A28 Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • general
CMW/C/SYR/CO/1 (CMW, 2008)
Observations

r) disseminate these concluding observations widely, including to public agencies and the judiciary, non-governmental organizations and other members of civil society, and to inform syrian migrants abroad and foreign migrant workers in transit or residing in syria of the rights they and members of their families enjoy under cmw

 

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A22 Cooperation with treaty bodies
  • A6 Context, statistics, budget, civil society
  • G4 Migrants
  • migrants
A/HRC/11/16 (UPR, 2009)
Recommendations

recommendation no. 14, para. 67:

14. continue its efforts in order to counter illiteracy (turkey) amongst girls (yemen) and women (egypt, kuwait, syria)

  • Djibouti
  • E51 Right to education - General
  • general
  • girls
  • women
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

100.23. expedite its reforms such as measures to raise citizens’ living standards and duly take into account the aspirations of the people of syria in the reform process ( thailand );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • D7 Right to participation in public affairs and right to vote
  • E21 Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • general
A/HRC/18/16 (UPR, 2011)
related documents: A/HRC/18/16/Add.1
Recommendations

84.3. remain committed to negotiations to resolve pending areas of disagreement ( syria );

  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • A3 Inter-State cooperation & development assistance
  • general
Recommendations

83.118. continue to take measures to support the rule of law and ensure that justice is brought to darfur ( syria );

  • Sudan
  • A47 Good governance
  • general
CAT/C/JOR/CO/3 (CAT, 2016)
Observations

refugees and non-refoulement

13.while appreciating the state party’s efforts to host an exceptional number of refugees fleeing armed conflict in neighbouring countries, the committee expresses its concern about the living conditions in refugee camps that may amount to ill-treatment. it also notes the delegation’s statement that the principle of non-refoulement is being practically applied, however, it remains concerned at reports of inconsistent border policies. in that regard, the committee notes with concern the state party’s policy not to admit palestinian refugees fleeing the conflict in syria. it also notes several cases of refoulement of such persons to syria, without the necessary individualized procedures. the committee is also concerned at reports indicating the state party’s involvement in “extraordinary renditions” in the context of the war against terrorism (arts. 3, 12 and 13).

  • Jordan
  • A12 Acceptance of international norms
  • A41 Constitutional and legislative framework
  • A42 Institutions & policies - General
  • B11 International humanitarian law
  • B31 Equality & non-discrimination
  • B32 Racial discrimination
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • B8 Human rights & counter-terrorism
  • D25 Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • D51 Administration of justice & fair trial
  • D6 Rights related to name, identity, nationality
  • E21 Right to an adequate standard of living - general
  • S10 SDG 10 - inequality
  • S16 SDG 16 - peace, justice and strong institutions
  • general
  • refugees & asylum seekers
CRC/C/OPAC/ARM/CO/1 (CRC, 2013)
Observations

vi.protection, recovery and reintegration

measures adopted to protect the rights of child victims

16. the committee regrets the lack of mechanisms in place to identify at an early stage children among refugees and asylum seekers in particular from syria and iraq, who may have been involved in armed conflicts in other countries. it also regrets the lack of procedures for their protection, recovery and reintegration.

  • Armenia
  • A5 Human rights education, trainings and awareness raising
  • F35 Children in armed conflict
  • children
  • persons affected by armed conflict
  • refugees & asylum seekers
A/HRC/17/25/Add.3 (SR Health, 2011)
Recommendations

> the special rapporteur urges the syrian arabic republic to consider the following recommendations in respect of incarcerated persons and prison health:

> (a)to urgently ratify the convention against torture and its optional protocol
> (b) to collect and publicly release comprehensive data relating to prisoners’ health, and the health-care services with which they are provided
> (c) to allow a more thorough assessment of the situation in prisons and other detention centres in syria by inviting relevant special procedures mandate holders

                                     

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A12 Acceptance of international norms
  • D25 Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • D26 Conditions of detention
  • E41 Right to health - General
  • persons deprived of their liberty
A/HRC/19/11 (UPR, 2012)
related documents: A/HRC/19/11/Add.1
Recommendations

104.27. expeditiously permit international humanitarian missions, human rights observers and media unrestricted access within syria, including the hrc commission of inquiry ( united states );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A28 Cooperation with other international mechanisms and institutions
  • B51 Right to an effective remedy
  • D43 Freedom of opinion and expression
  • H1 Human rights defenders
  • general
  • human rights defenders
  • media
Recommendations

104.6. integrate into national legislation the principles and provisions of international human rights instruments ratified by syria , and abolish laws that contradict them ( canada );

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • A41 Constitutional and legislative framework
  • general
CEDAW/C/SYR/CO/2 (CEDAW, 2014)
Observations

women and peace and security

13.the committee notes that in november 2013 the ministry of social affairs organized a workshop to discuss the role of women in the peacebuilding and reconstruction processes, in the framework of security council resolution 1325 (2000), followed by a conference in january 2014. however, it is concerned:

(a)that the process has not been fully inclusive and has excluded prominent women members of syrian civil society;

(b)that the diverse voices of women have been marginalized when it comes to actively and meaningfully participating in peace negotiation efforts, such as the geneva conference on syria;

(c)that, without the meaningful and inclusive participation of women at all stages of the peace and reconstruction processes, as well as in transitional justice and national reconciliation mechanisms, women’s priorities and experiences of the conflict will not be fully integrated, as required under the convention and security council resolution 1325 (2000), which could set back the processes.

  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • D7 Right to participation in public affairs and right to vote
  • F12 Discrimination against women
  • women
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